It is also called carbamide, as well as its chemical formula is CO(NH2)2s.

Urea is colorless and the appearance of this material is like crystal.

This is known as one of the essential materials of fertilizer and feed supplements, furthermore, Urea is a raw material used in the manufacture of many chemicals, such as various plastics, urea-formaldehyde resins, and adhesives.

More than 90% of the world’s industrial production of urea is destined for use as a nitrogen-release fertilizer.

Urea contains 46% nitrogen, which is one of the essential elements needed for plant growth. Nitrogen available in agricultural soil decreases with the cultivation of different crops.

It is necessary to use urea fertilizer periodically to maintain nitrogen concentration in the soil.

This fertilizer is used for all kinds of crops such as vegetables, summer crops, agricultural products, fruit trees, and apartment and ornamental flowers due to its strengthening properties.



How to use urea fertilizer

  • Urea fertilizer should be spread on the soil surface and immediately plowed with soil
  • be injected directly into the soil

Advantage of urea fertilizer

  • can provide high amounts of nitrogen immediately to the plant
  • low price
  • For plants that grow better in acidic soils, urea fertilizer is one of the best options that favors soil acidification.


Disadvantages of urea fertilizer

  • Fertilizer has high solubility and evaporation
  • The high solubility of urea makes it necessary to store it dry



Russia, Indonesia, India, and Pakistan are ranked first to fourth in urea production, followed by Iran, America, and Canada, occupying fifth to seventh places in the world. About 165 million tons of urea are sold in the world annually.

Experts predict that by 2026 the demand will experience an annual growth of more than 2%. It is expected that the demand in India, Brazil and European countries will continue to grow.